Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shapedcrevice called a sulcus between the tooth and gums. Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line in the sulcus, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its’ supporting tissues to break down. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket: generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the depth of the pocket.
Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.
The following are factors that increase your risk :
- Heart disease
- Tobacco (smoking or chewing)
- Lack of or infrequent professional dental care
- Poor oral hygiene
- Inadequate immune response
- Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
- The following are warning signs that can signal a problem:
- Gums that bleed easily
- Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth Persistent bad breath or bad taste Permanent teeth that are loose or separating Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Any change in the fit of partial dentures
- Bridges that no longer fit properly
- Crooked teeth
- Fillings that have become defecti
- Tartar on the teeth
Non-surgical Periodontal Treatment
The health of the gums is extremely important, as they provide a foundation for the teeth. If the gums are decayed or compromised, and left untreated, tooth decay and tooth loss can result. At our dental practice, we are able to provide our patients with brilliant results, non-surgically. Our laser periodontal treatment can help restore the health and strength of the gums while allowing our patients to enjoy minimal downtime post-treatment.